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It is important to understand the different parts of a roof, from your soffits, fascia, gutters, flashing and shingles. Knowing what role they play in protecting your home can help you more accurately detect problems as they occur, make repairs or prevent problems in advance.
Two of the most important parts of the roof, the soffit and fascia are detailed below so home owners can understand how they contribute to the overall structure.
The word soffit is derived from the French word for "formed as a ceiling" and the Latin term for "to fix underneath." It is the exposed surface beneath the overhanging section of a roof eave. It can also refer to the horizontal underside of similar architectural structures such as an archway, a staircase or a ceiling.
Part of the function of the soffit is to assist in ventilating the attic. The soffit board typically features a plain design with small holes that provide air circulation. The air from the soffit cycles to the vents to draw heat and moisture away from the house. This is a highly important function because moisture in the attic can develop rot in the sheathing and rafters.
Most soffits are made from vinyl, an effective material for withstanding the degradation that comes from heat and moisture exposure. This is especially important considering that the soffit can be easily exposed to moisture due to unkempt gutters and wet weather conditions.
For this reason, you should always choose vinyl to compose your soffit, since this material is both water-resistant and cost-effective. Vinyl also saves you energy, because it helps regulate the temperature in your attic and throughout the rest of your home.
If the fascia or the soffit develop rot or show any other signs of water penetration damage, it is important that you deal with the problem immediately as to prevent exposing your property to damaging UK weather conditions due to the lack of adequate protection.